Legal framework of the Cameroonian air transport


The operation of civil aviation obeys to international standards and recommendations commonly agreed upon by States under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and applied uniformly throughout the world.

Cameroon, from its accession to international sovereignty, adhered to the Chicago Convention which established the rules under which international aviation operates and created the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the branch of the United Nations organization responsible for fostering the planning and development of international air transport. Cameroon also ratified the agreement relative to the Transit of International Air Services and other international instruments such as the Geneva Convention on the international recognition of rights in Aircrafts, the Rome Convention , the Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention (formally, the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air).

At the African level, Cameroon is a member of the African Civil Aviation Commission (AFCAC) and a signatory to the Yamoussoukro Decision on the liberalization of air service markets in Africa. Cameroon is equally part of the Dakar Convention governing the Agency for the Safety of Air Navigation in Africa and Madagascar (ASECNA). In this regards, this international body has been entrusted with the management of air navigation services in Cameroon. This management is carried out directly by the Representation of ASECNA in Cameroon.

At the national level, Law No. 2013/010 of 24 July 2013 on civil aviation regime in Cameroon was promulgated to organize the exercise of civil aviation activities in Cameroon, promote free competition and the participation of private initiatives and to ensure the rational and efficient use of aeronautical infrastructure and the airspace.
As per the international instruments cited above and national regulations in force, all aircrafts operated in Cameroon shall be registered with the Cameroon Civil Aviation Authority after due inspection and testing by the said aeronautic authority and, a certificate of airworthiness, noise certificate and a certificate of exploitation of radio-electric installation issued before a certificate of registration is delivered. This certificate of registration gives the aircraft Cameroonian nationality. When deregistration is done at any future date, the aircraft loses its Cameroonian nationality.
See also Acquisition of an air transport certificate in Cameroon.